In 1808 François Isaac de Rivaz designed the machine powered by an internal combustion engine fueled by hydrogen. And then 76 years later, in 1886 the first automobile vehicle was invented by Karl Benz.
On January 29, 1886, Karl Benz applied for a patent for his “vehicle powered by a gas engine.” The patent – number 37435 – maybe regarded as the birth certificate of the automobile. The text of the patent specification begins with the words: “The present construction is intended mainly for the operation of light carts and small boats, such as are used to transport one to four persons.… The driving power is provided by a small gas engine, of any system. The latter is supplied with its gas from an accompanying apparatus, in which gas is made from ligroin or some other gasifying substance. The engine cylinder is kept at a steady temperature by the evaporation of water.” The filing of the patent in France followed on 25 March of the same year.
The original car, his three-wheeled Motorwagen, first ran in 1886. In July 1886 the newspapers reported on the first public outing of the three-wheeled Benz Patent Motor Car, model no. 1. Then in 1887 the first vehicle to have an internal combustion engine fueled by gas. Soon Benz developed a better model running on gasoline. Benz’s car specification :
Cylinder : one cylinder four stroke
Output : 2 HP
weight : 100 kg
max speed : 16 km/hr
Fuel : gasoline
The vehicle hit the market next year and was an instant hit. In 1988, Benz’s wife travelled 65 mile in the car to see her ailing father. It drew public attention and soon Benz’s car began to be sold in Germany and France. His company produced its first four-wheeled car in 1893. Through a succession of companies launched during the early 1900s, Benz remained the leading automobile producer in Europe for decades. Innovations in racing car design, automobile mass production, and novel engine design continued under Benz’s leadership during this period. And the first of its series of racing cars in 1900. He left the company in 1906 to form another group with his sons.
Karl Benz died in April 1929, and Bertha followed in 1944. Their respective contributions to the history of the automobile mirror the vital relationship between innovation and marketing that continues to drive the industry today.